There are many things we as a society take for granted one of those being security. Developed parts of the world generally have effective police and military organizations. This makes many people over look taking security in their own hands. There is a large variety of different ways an individual or private organization can get proactive in setting up security equipment and programs.
When creating a security program for a static peace of infrastructure the most ideal situation would be creating it before the construction process takes place. In the real world this is unlikely this means tailoring the security program to the existing infrastructure will have to do. The first step is conducting a risk assessment audit of the organization. The goal of the risk assessment is to find risks that are most likely to happen to the organization. Some factors that are looked at are location of the organization mission political climate as well as weather considerations. Man-made and natural disaster must be taken into consideration. The risk that are determined high in regards to taking place will then go into the risk management faze.
Risk management is the handling of these threats in other words security programs, equipment, training and education that will reduce the chances of a threat disrupting the productivity of the organization. Finances are important a saying is no price can be put on safety but unfortunately high end security equipment training and education is expensive. Thankfully there are ways to keep cost down these things are called force multipliers. Dedicating equipment, training programming ect to one specific threat is costly. Grouping multiple risks in to one security program is the common practice. An example would be theft, vandalism and work place violence. The same CCTV devices, alarms, personnel and tactics can all reduce these risks. Equipment can also act as a force multiplier access controls, perimeter security such as Crash Rated Cable Fences, cameras and alarms will negate the need of extra security guards filing in the gaps the equipment does it for them.
Generally speaking perimeter security is the first line of defense making it the first priority in the construction process. By first line of defense I am talking in terms of physical security. Natural surveillance and security convergence can take place outside the perimeter. Access control is next in most security programs followed by defense in depth. Taking security in our own hands is important for all of us to do as individual or organizations. Relying on law enforcement alone is not enough for organizations and individuals that are dealing with high risk scenarios but does not mean they are not an important part of the risk management programming. Working side by side with emergence services is critical in sharing knowledge and instilling trust between the private security guards and public law enforcement medical and fire services. Maintaining these critical skills equipment and programming is important as well, stay proactive not stagnant in the means of security will lead you to success.